Author Topic: Oversupply and Overactive (Forceful) Let-Down  (Read 29158 times)

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Offline daisymelan

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Oversupply and Overactive (Forceful) Let-Down
« on: June 11, 2006, 15:04:37 pm »
On the breastfeeding board, we often find moms posting about babies being fussy during feeding times in the first few months.  Sometimes, these babies may have reflux (see Reflux 101 - General reflux information for more information on that) or be sensitive to something in their mom's diet (see here: Does my LO have food intolerances?), but it is often worth investigating the possibility of an oversupply and/or overactive let-down to explain the fussiness. 

Oversupply means that your body is producing too much milk.  Some moms have this problem in the first few months of their baby's life, others find that it settles down for some time and then after a period of more frequent feeding (growth spurts, illness) their bodies will increase milk production again.  An overactive let-down means that the flow of milk coming from the breast is quite rapid, often moreso than the baby can handle.  If you're one of those moms who finds themselves rapidly searching for a towel every time their baby unlatches during nursing, or finds that milk comes shooting out in a stream, then this could definitely be a problem for you. 

While many moms experience the two together, it is possible to only have one or the other. 

Symptoms
    * Gag, choke, strangle, gulp, gasp, cough while nursing as though the milk is coming too fast
    * Pull off the breast often while nursing
    * Clamp down on the nipple at let-down to slow the flow of milk
    * Make a clicking sound when nursing
    * Spit up very often and/or tend to be very gassy
    * Periodically refuse to nurse
    * Dislike comfort nursing in general
    * In the case of a foremilk/hindmilk imbalance due to an oversupply, babies may have green watery poos


What can I do about it?

There are essentially two ways you can go about remedying a forceful let-down:
(1) help baby deal with the fast flow
(2) take measures to adjust your milk supply down to baby's needs. Since forceful let-down is generally a byproduct of oversupply, most moms will be working on both of these things. It may take a couple of weeks to see results from interventions for oversupply, so try to be patient and keep working on it.

Help baby deal with the fast milk flow

    * Position baby so that she is nursing "uphill" in relation to mom's breast, where gravity is working against the flow of milk. The most effective positions are those where baby's head and throat are above the level of your nipple. Some nursing positions to try:
          o Cradle hold, but with mom leaning back (a recliner or lots of pillows helps)
          o Football hold, but with mom leaning back
          o Elevated football hold - like the football hold, but baby is sitting up and facing mom to nurse instead of lying down (good for nursing in public).
          o Side lying position - this allows baby to dribble the extra milk out of her mouth when it's coming too fast
          o Australian position (mom is "down under", aka posture feeding) - in this position, mom is lying on her back and baby is on top (facing down), tummy to tummy with mom. Avoid using this positioning frequently, as it may lead to plugged ducts.
          ***The site http://www.biologicalnurturing.com has a great video to demonstrate baby-led latching that can help decrease supply
    * Burp baby frequently if she is swallowing a lot of air.  This will help prevent later fussiness.
    * Nurse more frequently. This will reduce the amount of milk that accumulates between feedings, so feedings are more manageable for baby (this is generally not a good tactic if you have oversupply, as it just encourages your body to make more milk)
    * Nurse when baby is sleepy and relaxed. Baby will suck more gently at this time, and the milk flow will be slower.
    * Wait until let-down occurs, then take baby off the breast while at the same time catching the milk in a towel or cloth diaper. Once the flow slows, you can put your baby back to the breast.
    * Pump or hand express until the flow of milk slows down, and then put baby to the breast. Use this only if nothing else is working, as it stimulates additional milk production. If you do this, try to express a little less milk each time until you are no longer expressing before nursing.

Adjust your supply to better match baby's needs
(If you find that you have an overactive let-down without the oversupply issues, this is not something you should try.)

    * If baby is gaining weight well, then having baby nurse from only one breast per feeding can be helpful.
          o If baby finishes nursing on the first side and wants to continue nursing, just put baby back onto the first side.
          o If the second side becomes uncomfortable, express a little milk until you're more comfortable and then use cool compresses - aim for expressing less milk each time until you are comfortable without expressing milk.
    * Avoid extra breast stimulation, for example, unnecessary pumping, running the shower on your breasts for a long time or wearing breast shells.
    * Between feedings, try applying cool compresses to the breast (on for 30 minutes, off for at least an hour). This can discourage blood flow and milk production.
    * If nursing one side per feeding is not working after a week or so, try keeping baby to one side for a certain period of time before switching sides. This is called block nursing.
          o Start with 2-3 hours and increase in half-hour increments if needed.
          o Do not restrict nursing at all, but any time that baby needs to nurse simply keep putting baby back to the same side during that time period.
          o If the second side becomes uncomfortable, express a little milk until you're more comfortable and then use cool compresses - aim for expressing less milk each time until you are comfortable without expressing milk.
          o In more extreme cases, mom may need to experiment a bit with time periods over 4 hours to find the amount of time per breast that works best.
    * Additional measures that should only be used for extreme cases of oversupply include cabbage leaf compresses and herbs.

Even if these measures do not completely solve the problem, many moms find that their abundant supply and fast let-down will subside, at least to some extent, by about 12 weeks (give or take a bit). At this point, hormonal changes occur that make milk supply more stable and more in line with the amount of milk that baby needs.

Sometimes babies of moms with oversupply or fast let-down get very used to the fast flow and object when it normally slows somewhere between 3 weeks to 3 months. Even though your let-down may not be truly slow, it can still seem that way to baby.

Sources:

http://www.kellymom.com/bf/supply/fast-letdown.html (Forceful Let-down Reflex by Kelly Bonyata, BS, IBCLC)
Post by:  BabyBsMommy from February 2008

Further reading:
http://www.breastfeeding-basics.com/articles/oversupply-too-much-breast-milk (has great tips on decreasing supply)
http://www.llli.org/faq/oversupply.html
« Last Edit: June 17, 2013, 21:42:36 pm by *Ali* »
Mom to O (July 20/05) and L (Dec 25/06)